With the warmer climate, moderate rainfall (approximately 440 mm or 17.5 inches annually), fertile soils and irrigation from the Waranga Mallee Channel, Corop provides an abundant harvest.

With differing soil types in the district, ranging from the heavy grey loam on the Corop plains to the rich red Cambrian soil along the Mt Camel range, a broad range of agriculture is apparent in the district.

Corop has been one of the largest producers of factory tomatoes in Victoria in recent times—some farms capable of harvesting 700 tonnes per day! Computer-controlled, drip irrigation is being utilised in the area, minimising water loss and nutrient leaching.

Wheat, barley, beef, wool and fat lambs remain the staple pursuits of the majority of farms but a variety of commercial crops including canola, field peas, triticale, and oats for fodder are being used as alternatives or break crops.

The first vineyards were planted in 1856 near Lake Cooper. In the current day viticulture is flourishing, with many vineyards and cellar door businesses operating. Wines produced in the rich red Cambrian soils of the Mt Camel range—at the northern end of the Heathcote Wine Region—are winning awards worldwide.